IoT is an acronym for Internet of Things. This term is used for a network of physical devices that are embedded with software, sensors enable exchange of data among themselves. This makes integration of physical devices easier with computing devices.
Even though IoT is a comparatively new technology it is likely to bring significant changes in our life. Some of the common scenarios where IoT is making an impact include managing room temperature with smart thermostats, monitoring heart with implants and making vehicles smarter with built-in sensors.
IoT is one of the most important developments of this century, as it is bringing together a huge number of people and objects together by making them smarter. Moreover, it has become one of the vital parts of our everyday lives.
Now, it has become easier to add a microchip to number of our objects like wallet, eyeglasses, keys, TV etc. and track them with our smartphones.It is also now very easy to give objects like coffee machine or refrigerator commands through your smartphone, and it is surely more convenient to turn off your electronics with a voice command. IoT has made all this possible and is changing lives. Internet of Things also has the ability of storing, understanding, analyzing and taking action on data collection. Looking at the latest scenario, where data is the major player, one cannot ignore how simpler IoT makes the complete data collection process. The technology will integrate into our devices and lives so well, that it will become difficult to imagine our lives without it.
How IoT works?
IoT is basically a network of connecting physical devices to the internet. All IoT devices have sensors and processors that work on the data collected through these sensors via Machine Learning. Our smartphones play an important role in IoT as most of the consumer IoT devices are controlled through smartphones.Additionally, connectivity plays an important role in working on IoT. The devices/sensors are connected to the cloud using a number of techniques like satellite, cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth etc. The sensors embedded in devices send the data to the cloud for further data processing. In the cloud the data is processed and accordingly, the required action is taken. For example, checking the weather etc. Once the data is processed, it is now sent to user via a message, SMS, notification, email, voice response etc.
Examples and applications of IoT across industries
The popularity of IoT and increased use worldwide has resulted in major transformation in various industries due to this technology. Some of the common applications and examples are listed below:
IoT devices with internet connectivity are able to quickly provide an insight into symptoms, medical history, remote healthcare etc. We are also seeing a constant increase in usage and popularity of wearable devices that monitor health thus keep a constant track of blood pressure, sleep, heartbeat etc. They are also programmed to send alerts during emergencies.
Automobile industry is one of the industries that is seeing huge revolution worldwide, especially wrt self-driven cars. In 2020, cars with pre-fitted technologies like stop-and-go autopilot will increase.
It goes without saying that IoT is here to stay and expand significantly. We can say that IoT technology and IoT devices will change lives for good.