Software testing as name suggests is a procedure to test the software or a web or mobile application to ensure its best quality. This quality check is conducted after an app’s development is complete and is ready for its launch.The software testing techniques involve the process of performing a set of procedures in order to find software bugs (errors or other defects related to functionality or inputs.
Here we are discussing the types of software testing that are widely followed by software programmers and QA engineers.
Black Box Testing: In this software testing method the functionality of an app is checked without checking the working or internal designs. In this type of testing the tester is unaware of the internal working of the app being tested.
White Box Testing: White box testing is known by many names like Structural Testing, Transparent Box Testing, Glass Box Testing and Clear Box Testing. In this type of testing the tester has complete understanding of the internal software and the working code. It covers database, web forms, code conditions, statements and paths.
Unit Testing: As name suggests in this type of testing the individual units of software are tested. It is carried out independently for proper operation and functioning of the software. Usually, it is done by the developer and not the tester, as thorough understanding of the design and code of internal program is a must.
Integration Testing: The modules are grouped together in this type of testing. Modules tested in this type of training include client and server app on a network, individual applications, code modules etc. It is especially helpful for client/server and distributed systems.
System Testing: It is a type of Black-box testing. As name suggests it is the testing of the complete system. The testing is conducted on a complete, integrated system to check the system’s compliance with its specified requirements.
Functional testing: It is a type of Black Box Testing. In this type of testing the test cases are based on the specifications of the software component under test. In Functional testing it is checked if the output is as per the requirement or not.
End to end Testing: It is very much similar to System Testing and includes the testing of the full application environment according to the real user. So, the app is checked for its interaction with the database, apps, network communication and interaction with other hardware systems.
Smoke Testing or Sanity Testing: In this testing it is checked if the new version of the software is good to go for a thorough testing. If there are crashes at the initial stages,then it is decided if the system is stable to continue with the testing.
Load Testing: In this type of testing the performance of the system is tested under normal as well as peak lead conditions.
Acceptance Testing: With this testing it is verified if the app meets the requirements of the user.
Regression Testing: This type of testing is conducted to check regressions in functional areas of a system after configurational changes, enhancements etc.
Usability Testing: User friendliness and smooth navigation of the app is checked.
Performance Testing: Overall performance of the app like its functionality, effective, speed etc. are checked.
Stress Testing: This type of testing is done under heavy load to understand how the app reacts when resources are low.
So, before launching your app make sure you test it for all the parameters following all the testing types to ensure its success and customer satisfaction.